Why gut bacteria might be in a recipe for long, healthier life
Articles / Longevity / Microbiome

Why gut bacteria might be in a recipe for long, healthier life

The scientific community is increasingly aware that an organism’s interactions with the millions of microbes in their bodies – the microbiome – can influence many of their functions, such as cognitive and metabolic activities and aging. Questions have also been raised about the role the genetic composition of the microbiome might be playing in longevity. … Continue reading

Studying the body builder effect leads to a novel pathway in cancer growth
Articles / cancer growth

Studying the body builder effect leads to a novel pathway in cancer growth

The nutrient-activated kinase complex mTORC1, which has been known to be involved in an organism’s adaptation to food availability after starvation and physical exercise, has recently revealed a novel role. “We had been studying components of this pathway for several years,” said senior author Dr. Andrea Ballabio, professor of molecular and human genetics at Baylor … Continue reading

Together, DAG1 and Yap ‘hit the brakes’ on heart cell proliferation
Articles / Heart Disease

Together, DAG1 and Yap ‘hit the brakes’ on heart cell proliferation

Although both are known to play a role in cardiac function and previous work had hinted that they might interact with each other, it was not clear that the dystrophin glycoprotein complex (DGC) pathway and the Hippo pathway worked together to affect heart cell proliferation. The James Martin lab at Baylor College of Medicine explored … Continue reading

Image of the Month: What causes myotonic dystrophy, type1
Articles / myotonic dystrophy

Image of the Month: What causes myotonic dystrophy, type1

Myotonic dystrophy, type 1 (DM1) is the second most common cause of muscular dystrophy and numerous other muscle disorders that affect tens of thousands of individuals in the U.S.. This autosomal dominant neuromuscular condition involves multiple tissues including muscle, heart and the central nervous system. DM1 is caused by a repeat of three letters in … Continue reading

A 12-hour biological clock coordinates essential bodily functions
Articles / Biological clocks

A 12-hour biological clock coordinates essential bodily functions

It’s not a good idea to disturb the circadian rhythm on a regular basis. For instance, experimental evidence shows that night-shift workers who periodically change their night and day shifts or people who travel overseas often alter their sleep cycles, and this seems to make them prone to gain weight and develop diabetes and other … Continue reading

Follistatin: a key player in embryo implantation
Articles / Fertility

Follistatin: a key player in embryo implantation

The complex process of embryo implantation in the uterus has raised interest among researchers in the field in part because it fails in about half of in vitro fertilization procedures. Looking to improve the success rate of assisted reproductive technologies, researchers at Baylor College of Medicine investigated in more detail the mechanism involved in successful … Continue reading